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Ancient Cultures




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"El Camino Real"
01 - Solitude
02 - Sencillo
03 - Dolencias
04 - Rio Apurimac
05 - El Camino Real
06 - I Ungle Beat
07 - Andean Dance
08 - Persecucion De Pancho V
09 - Estudio Para
10 - Serenade
11 - La Guacamaya
12 - Iachauru
13 - Ramis
14 - Mama Chilindra
15 - Iuan Iose
16 - Tinku
17 - El Condor Pasa


Like gold that I cast
Like jade that I pierce.
Like beads that I string,
That is my song.
Netzahualcoyotl (Texcoco 1402-1472)

Latin American folk music is a complex legacy derived from three main sources: native, European and African. Before the arrival of Europeans, the native cultures developed their music based on a variety of wind instruments such as bone flutes, conchas, quenas, rondadores, zamponas, tarkas, and percussive instruments made from carved tree trunks, turtle shells, deer hooves and antlers, dry fruits, seed pods, and butterfly cocoons. Music was usually associated with religious ceremonies and many of the instruments were considered sacred. At the end of the fifteenth century, the arrival of the European conquistadores brought stringed instruments such as guitars, mandolins, lutes, violins and harps, and inspired the creation of new stringed instruments. The one-string musical bow, once the only stringed instrument in Latin America, was replaced by new forms of guitar, such as the charango in the Andes, the cuatro in Venezuela, the tiple in Colombia, the jarana and vihuela in Mexico, the tres in Cuba, and a variety of new mandolins, violins and harps. The Africans brought as slaves introduced an immense array of percussive instalments. Some, like the maracas, guiro and cabasa, remained unchanged. Marimbas evolved into a variety of local forms, particularly in Central America and Mexico. The African drums became bongos, timbales and congas in Cuba and surdos and atabaques in Brazil. In Peruvian ports, packing crates were substituted for drums, which were forbidden, and developed into the modern day cajon. In countries with large native populations, like Guatemala, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador, the native influence was strongest until recently. In countries with large mestizo (mixed) populations such as Mexico, Venezuela and Colombia, the three musical legacies were combined into new forms. In the music of Cuba, Brazil and the Caribbean, the African influence prevailed.

Our group Ancient Cultures resides in Vancouver, Canada, but our cultural and musical backgrounds vary. Alberto San Martin, Carlos Cortes and Angel Araos all come from Chile but their musical roots are in jazz, folk and classical music respectively. Eito Garcia comes from Guatemala and arranges and plays salsa music. Edward Henderson is from Vancouver Island, He grew up playing folk and classical music and has worked extensively in theatre and film. Carlos Galindo Leal comes from Mexico and has many years experience playing Spanish and Latin American folk music. Through Ancient Cultures we celebrate our diverse cultural heritage, bringing together influences and instruments from many parts of Latin America.


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